››› Including well-founded specialist knowledge on the topic of hazardous substances WORKING SAFELY WITH HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES: STORAGE EXTRACTION HANDLING
SERVICE CONSULTING MANUFACTURING EXPERTISE Delivery & Commissioning Maintenance & Repair Up to 10 years Warranty Consulting expertise for 25 years Online Product Configurator Established Distribution Network EN 16121/16122, FM, UL GS, EN 144701/2, Knowledge HazMat Roadshow UK
3 THE WORLD THAT MOVES US … revolves around storing hazardous materials. asecos ensures that hazardous substances are appropr iately stored and safely handled in our day-to-day working life. The best possible protection of humankind and the environment is our number 1 priority. Driven by this desire, we developed the first safety storage cabinet with 90-minute fire resistance for the storage of flammable liquids in 1994. What was a technical revolut ion in the industr y at that t ime has now become the general ly accepted techni - cal s t andard. asecos produc t s combine quali t y, innovat ion and safet y for one purpose: to benef it the customer. asecos is the world’s leading manufacturer of safety cabinets in accordance with the European standard EN 14470 Par t 1 and Part 2. As experts in the storage, handling and extraction of hazardous materials, we offer our customers everything from one provider: Starting with our innovative developments, which are cer tified according to the highest standards, through in-depth consulting competence of our employees to product ion and subsequent maintenance. We combine qualit y and knowhow with the claim to offer our customers optimal solutions for their requirements. In this catalogue, in addition to the product range, which has the right solution for every application, you will find helpful exper tise and tips on the subject of hazardous substance storage and extraction directly from the experts. Look out for the symbol shown below on the right for a wealth of information on hazardous substances as well as relevant rules and laws. Of course, our experts are also available to answer your questions personally. You will find all contact information at www.asecos.com.
4 EXPERTISE DIRECT FROM THE MANUFACTURER Our expertise is sound, international and multimedia-based. Interested parties can find sound specialist knowledge for further reading in the asecos hazardous substances brochure, the Redpaper series and in our multilingual HazMat Guides at www.asecos.com or in our product videos on youtube.com/asecosVideos. asecos World – The heart of the academy! Visitors to the asecos world can test, refresh and expand their knowledge of hazardous materials in guided tours. Instead of dry theory, the asecos learning concept focuses on the amiable, independent acquisition of content. The asecos world’s theoretical and practical offerings are vast and interactively designed. A tour of the asecos world can be individually adapted to the respective level of knowledge of the visitor group. Benefit from our expert knowledge - wherever you are in the world. All our employees have excellent expertise in their respective fields. In Germany, for example, our consultants are independent BDSF experts and overseas they have expertise in the local legal situation. Tailor-made and legally compliant solutions for every customer need are the result. We are raising awareness of the dangers in handling hazardous materials This trains and creates awareness for the routine handling of hazardous materials – for more sustainable safety in everyday work. In the asecos academy, we offer further training and seminars on the subject areas of hazardous material storage and handling. Whether basic knowledge or a special topic, whether user, planner, architect or authorised asecos specialist dealer – the asecos academy passes on well-founded expert knowledge in a practice-oriented and target group-oriented manner. Our academy concept has a modular structure, thus the individual components can be combined to form a tailor-made further education offer: www.asecos.com/academy
5 OUR MEDIA OFFERING Customised and individual The asecos product configurator is a valuable tool. You can use the online tool to customise your own safety storage cabinet, including interior equipment, dimensions, and design – your product is then displayed and you can request an offer. Get an overview of our extensive asecos product range, and easily find the right cabinet to meet your needs. Test the configurator now at: www.asecos-configurator.com Our online service for you Our new product conifgurator provides you with technical specifications, drawings, BIM data, product images, tender texts, operating manuals, certificates, test reports and much more. Simply structured and easily accessible: At the end of each configuration, all common data formats to assist in designing your laboratory, are held ready for your use. Discover asecos safety storage cabinets in our virtual showroom! In addition to our on-site showroom at our company headquarters in Gründau, you can now also experience asecos products virtually: At www.asecos-showroom.com you can easily click through the 3D navigation of our online showroom and take a look at detailed product information such as explanatory videos or technical drawings.
6 PROVEN SAFETY ... you can rely on. We develop and produce our products exclusively in the German town of Gründau — our headquarters. From here, we deliver safety storage cabinets to over 100 countries all over the world. As a reliable partner and supplier, we satisfy the highest standards in terms of technology, customer orientation and value added potential. The quality and functionality of our products is regularly monitored and certified by the relevant testing institutes. On-going quality control Production of asecos safety storage cabinets are subject to voluntary and permanent external monitoring by an accredited and independent materials testing institute. Without any advance notice, safety storage cabinets from the current production process are taken and subjected to retesting in the fire chamber. Our safety storage cabinets burn in the cause of safety Every single model type of our fire-resistant safety storage cabinets from asecos must be successfully tested in a fire chamber by an independent material testing laboratory. It is thus tested according to the stringent requirements of the European standard EN 14470 Part 1 or 2 to demonstrate its fire protection rating. Safety in daily use Safety storage cabinets from asecos are tested according to the requirements of those safety regulations in force. By successfully passing GS testing, an independent organisation documents and certifies that asecos products are tough enough and of the highest quality with the extended GS test program. The GS mark is only granted if, for example, the products under test have undergone a continuous mechanical test of 50,000 cycles without damage. The safety storage cabinets from asecos have easily proved themselves so successfully.
7 Outstanding quality management Our certified quality management system complies with the international standard ISO 9001 and thus proves that the quality control of every sub-process of asecos confirms the company philosophy and all its activities. A reliable partner throughout Once again asecos GmbH was awarded the coveted “CrefoZert” seal for an “outstanding” creditworthiness. The price is awarded by the leading rating company Creditreform Hanau Leibrock KG. Ventilation - protection and safety at work For over 20 years asecos has been manufacturing ventilation equipment for working with hazardous materials. All asecos hazardous material work stations have been thoroughly tested over time on the basis of German (e.g. DIN 12924-1) and European standards (e.g. EN 14175-3 Para. 5.4.4). Also in the field of ventilation of safety storage cabinets, asecos offers a wide, ever-expanding range of different solutions. With all its products, asecos is supported by renowned test institutes such as infraserv Höchst, IFI Institute for Industrial Aerodynamics, Tintschl Engineering and others from the development of the perfect solution right up to the serial production of certified products.
8 Expert knowledge
9 Your guide on all aspects of storage, extraction and handling of hazardous materials In this catalogue, in addition to the asecos product range, you will also find profound expertise and useful advice on the subject of storing, handling and extracting hazardous substances, direct from the expert. Please pay attention to the symbol at the bottom right for a variety of information on hazardous substances and applicable rules and laws. The expertise is organised according to the types of hazardous substances and can always be found in the direct vicinity of the appropriate product solutions. Expert knowledge at a glance: Hazardous substances basics – from page 10 Flammables – from page 26 Lithium-ion batteries – from page 230 Compressed gases – from page 240 Acids & bases – from page 276 Acute toxic substances – from page 298 Extraction of hazardous materials – from page 326 Technical air purification – from page 378 Water pollutants – from page 404 PROFOUND EXPERTISE FOR REFERENCE
10 Hazardous substances basics STORAGE AND HANDLING OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES – ARE YOU SAFE? WHICH LEGAL BASIS HAS TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT? In many workplaces and laboratories, the use of hazardous substances is part of everyday work and is unavoidable. What can be easily overlooked in daily handling? Improper storage, especially of flammable substances, poses various dangers to people, the environment and property. ››› Fires and explosions caused by, for example, the improper storage of flammable liquids and gases ››› Pollution of soils, groundwater and surface waters through e.g. contaminated extinguishing water or leakages ››› Downtimes up to bankruptcy, e.g. due to destroyed buildings, laboratories after fires (after a fire, approx. 80% of companies go bankrupt) ››› Endangering health Business owners and managers must be aware of their responsibility for the handling and storage of hazardous substances and regularly ask themselves the following questions: ››› Do I know the legal regulations for hazardous substances? ››› Do I apply these regulations? ››› Do I fulfil my duty of care towards people and the environment? ››› Do I store hazardous substances in my company in accordance with the regulations? DSEAR 2002 “The particular objective in the event of an incident, is to ensure that people can safely escape from the workroom/working area.” (DSEAR ACoP L136 par. 68 refers) What is DSEAR? DSEAR (applicable in the UK) stands for the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Dangerous substances can put peoples’ safety at risk from re and explosion or energetic event. DSEAR puts duties on employers and the self-employed to protect people from risks from res, explosions and similar events in the workplace. This includes members of the public who may be put at risk by both the work hazards and any secondary hazards likely to occur at the time of Incident, Accident or Emergency, arising from the work activity, such as toxicity, or escalating re load. WHAT ARE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES? What are dangerous substances? Dangerous substances are any substances used or present at work that could, if not properly controlled, cause harm to people as a result of a re or explosion. They are clearly de ned into ve separate categories: 1. A substance or preparation which meets the criteria in the approved classi cation and labelling guide for classi cation as a substance or preparation which is explosive, oxidising, extremely ammable, highly ammable or ammable, whether or not that substance or preparation is classi ed under the CHIP Regulations or CLP. 2. A substance or preparation which because of its physico-chemical or chemical properties and the way it is used or is present at the workplace creates a risk, not being a substance or preparation falling within subparagraph (a) above; or 3. Any dust, whether in the form of solid particles or brous materials or otherwise, which can form an explosive mixture with air or an explosive atmosphere, not being a substance or preparation falling within subparagraphs (a) or (b) above; Please observe local legislation and regulations.
11 From the 1st June 2015, DSEAR also includes: 1. Substances that are corrosive to metals – Substances that can corrode metals could cause structural damage reducing integrity of structures if not suitably contained. 2. All gases under pressure. Gases that are under pressure (eg gas in a cylinder) may present a risk of explosion if not correctly handled in the workplace. Hazardous materials are materials with the following properties: highly toxic oxidising reprotoxic toxic explosive mutagenic hazardous to health extremely flammable dangerous for the environment corrosive highly flammable releasing hazardous materials when handled irritant flammable chronically harmful in any other way sensitising carcinogenic These terms can be explained as follows: HIGHLY TOXIC materials which can cause temporary or permanent damage to health or even death, even in very small quantities e.g. hydrogen cyanide, phosgene. TOXIC materials which can cause temporary or permanent damage to health or even death in small quantities e.g. methanol, chlorine. HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH materials which can cause temporary or permanent damage to health or even death, e.g. glycol, iodine. CORROSIVE are materials, which can cause destruction of body tissue upon contact with the skin or mucous membranes, e. g. hydrochloric acid above 25 %, sodium hydroxide above 2 %. IRRITANT materials which can cause inflammation upon contact with the skin or mucous membranes, e.g. hydrochloric acid between 10 and 25%, sodium hydroxide between 0.5 and 2%. SENSITISING materials which may cause hypersensitive reactions when inhaled or absorbed through the skin, e.g. cobalt, nickel, various diisocyanates. OXIDISING materials which can maintain a fire without air supply, e.g. sodium chlorate, sodium peroxide, nitric acid above 70%. EXPLOSIVE materials which can be brought to explode e.g. due to heat, friction, impact or initial ignition, e.g. nitroglycerine, dynamite, TNT. EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE gases or materials whose vapours form potentially explosive mixtures with the surrounding air and which are extremely flammable in the presence of an ignition source; with a flash point - below 0 °C and boiling point below 35 °C, e.g. acetylene, hydrogen, diethyl ether. HIGHLY FLAMMABLE materials whose vapours form potentially explosive mixtures with the surrounding air and which are highly flammable in the presence of an ignition source; with a flash point below 23 °C, e.g. acetone, petrol. FLAMMABLE materials whose vapours form potentially explosive mixtures with the surrounding air and which are flammable in the presence of an ignition source; with a flash point between 23 °C and 60 °C, e.g. styrene, turpentine oil. CARCINOGENIC a material which can prompt the body’s own cells to form carcinomas e.g. asbestos, benzene. REPROTOXIC materials which cause non-heritable damage to the progeny or increase their frequency and/or which may cause an impairment of the male or female reproduction functions or capability e.g. benzo[a] pyrene, 2-ethoxyethanol. MUTAGENIC materials which may cause heritable genetic damage, e.g. acrylamide, diethyl sulphate, ethylene oxide. DANGEROUS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT materials which may damage animals, plants, microorganisms, climate, air, water or soil, e.g. diesel fuel, mercury, dichlorofluoroethane. During the manufacture or use of substances, hazardous materials may arise or be released, e.g. welding electrodes. Other chronically harmful materials can cause damage to health when repeated or longer exposure occurs. Such substances are common in industry and include solvents, paints, varnishes, hydrogen, acetylene or liquid petroleum gas (LPG), organic peroxides, to name just a few. DSEAR places a formal requirement on employers to assess the risks for substances if classi ed for these properties and put in place suitable control and mitigation measures. Materials and chemicals of the nature speci ed in the regulation can be found in nearly every workshop, factory, laboratory or workplace and few companies are exempt from the DSEAR legislation. Please observe local legislation and regulations.
12 Hazardous substances basics WHAT ARE THE CLASSIFICATION CRITERIA FOR HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES? The number of hazardous substances with diverse properties and characteristics is manifold and poses corresponding risks. For this reason, the labelling of hazardous materials has been standardised worldwide and implemented in Europe through the CLP Regulation. GHS (Globally Harmonized System of Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Chemicals): Globally uniform system for classifying chemicals and labelling them on packaging and in safety data sheets. The labelling methods for hazardous substances that applied in the EU until 2015 have been replaced. In the GHS, hazard pictograms replaced the hazard symbols with their hazard designations; where appropriate with a common signal word („Caution“ or „Danger“). In combination with the Hazard and Precautionary Statements, the pictograms provide information about ››› the type and severity of the hazard (H-phrases (Hazard Statements) as well as additional EUH-phrases (special hazards)) and ››› the differentiated safety instructions for prevention, reaction, storage and disposal of the hazardous substances (P-phrases (Precautionary Statements)). O (EG) 1272/2008 CLP (Regulation on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures): The regulation is the European implementation of the worldwide GHS system and is equally and directly valid in all member states. Adaptation to technical and scientific progress are made periodically. These adaptations are mainly concerned with corrections to terminology and additions to the list of harmonised classification and labelling of dangerous substances in Annex VI: Acute toxicity – Category 1, 2, 3 Corrosive – Category 1 Flammable – Category 1, 2, 3 Flammable (oxidising) – Category 1, 2, 3 Explosive Compressed gases Hazardous to the environment Hazardous to waters Harmful to ozone layer Acute toxicity – Category 4 Corrosive – Category 2 Skin sensitising Targeted organ toxicity – Category 3 CMR – Category 1A, 1B, 2 Respiratory sensitising Targeted organ toxicity – Category 1, 2 Aspiration hazard Please observe local legislation and regulations. Hazard pictograms according to GHS/CLP The EU CLP Regulation is still applicable to the UK and has been retained in GB law as GB CPL. This means that Great Britain continues to adopt GHS, independently of the European Union.
13 WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT TERMS IN HAZMAT STORAGE AND HANDLING? Storage Storage is keeping materials for future use and dispensing to others. It includes the provision for transport, if the transport does not take place within 24 hours after provision or on the following working day. If the working day is a Saturday, the period ends upon expiry of the next working day. The quantities of hazardous materials provided must be limited to the quantity required for that day/shift; all quantities beyond these must be stored. If small quantities are required regularly, the smallest standard container size can be provided. If activities such as decanting, removal, or maintenance work are carried out in the storeroom, a separate risk assessment should be carried out. Storage section A storage section is the part of the storeroom that is separated from other storage sections or adjacent rooms ››› in buildings by means of walls and ceilings that fulfil the safety-related requirements, ››› outdoors by means of sufficient clearance or walls. Outdoor storerooms are also roofed-over storage areas, which ››› are open on at least two sides or ››› are open on one side, if the depth – measured from the open side – is not greater than the height of the open side. One side of the room is considered open if it consists of a wire or similar grating, which does not impair the natural ventilation. Storage class Storage classes represent a classification of the stored materials based on specific hazardous properties and are only required in conjunction with joint storage. Fire compartment A fire compartment is a part of a building separated with regard to fire precautions in compliance with building law, where, as a result of the requirements on the surrounding components, spreading of the fire to other parts of the building is generally avoided. Keeping, providing and reserving Providing is the short-term storage for a specific intended use, usually for not longer than 24 hours or until the next working day. If the working day is a Saturday, the period ends upon expiry of the next working day. Provision includes amongst other things: ››› .Reserving the quantities of operating materials or resources required to continue the work in or at production facilities. The required quantity must not exceed the amount needed per day. ››› .Deposit of finished or intermediate products. ››› .Reserving for company-internal transport, conveying, handling or storage. Safety data sheet A safety data sheet (SDS),material safety data sheet (MSDS), or product safety data sheet (PSDS) is an important component of product stewardship and occupational safety and health and spill-handling procedures. SDS formats can vary from source to source within a country depending on national requirements. The SDS follows a 16 section format i.e. SECTION 1: Hazards identification, SECTION 4: Firefighting measures, SECTION 7: Handling and storage which is internationally agreed and for substances especially, the SDS should be followed with an annex which contains the exposure scenarios of this particular substance. If you want to store a larger quantity than required for that day directly at your workplace, you need a fire resistant safety storage cabinet. Safety storage cabinets with at least 90 minute fire resistance are also classified as storage sections. Please observe local legislation and regulations.
Please observe local legislation and regulations. 14 Hazardous substances basics Joint storage is when various materials are stored in a ››› storage section, ››› container, ››› .safety storage cabinet or ››› collection room. Separate storage is when various stored goods are separated from one another within a storage section by means of ››› sufficient distances, ››› barriers, e.g. walls, cabinets made of non-combustible material, products made of non-combustible materials of storage class 12 or 13 or ››› separated collection rooms. Separate storage may be required to reduce hazards when storing goods of the same storage class or materials of different storage classes. Information regarding the requirement for separate storage is given in ››› the hazard information labelling (H or R codes), complementary hazard properties (EU H codes) and safety information (P or S codes); ››› the product-specific safety information, for example, the safety data sheets (Section 5 Fire-fighting measures and Section 7 Handling and storage; the information in Section 10 Stability and reactivity is usually provided in less detail); ››› the leaflets from the accident insurance companies. Partitioned storage is separate storage in different storage sections. These must be separated from other storage sections or adjacent rooms ››› in buildings by means of walls or ceilings with at least 90 minute fire resistance, or ››› outdoors by means of sufficient clearance or walls. The distances serve to ››› protect a storeroom from external harmful incidents such as mechanical damage or heating as a result of fire, ››› protect against interactions between the stored hazardous materials, ››› keep the risk for the employees or other persons, of leaks from portable containers and/or malfunctions in the proper operational procedure, as low as possible. Safety storage cabinets with at least 90 minute fire resistance are also classified as storage sections.
15 CAN DIFFERENT CHEMICALS BE STORED TOGETHER? Hazardous materials may only be stored together if there is no increase in the risks involved. This may possible, for example, because of the risk assessment or the limitation of quantities. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) provides guidance for segregation through HSG71 and offers very detailed guidance for the storage of chemical groups, see Table 1. The chemical groups are used to determine the possibilities for joint storage and this formal classification serves to control the joint storage of different hazardous materials. The table assists in defining where chemical groups: ››› May not require segregation (white) ››› Should be segregated (red) ››› Should be kept apart (black) ››› Should be isolated (red on white) The segregation of chemicals provides very distinct advantages to the user or provider of hazardous materials as it: ››› Allows clear definition of the materials present ››› Ensures more adequate management of chemicals at the site ››› Contributes towards positive management of storage and procurement ››› Prevents potential chemical reactions which could lead to accidents ››› Prevents exposure of staff to harmful substances ››› Puts you in control of all harmful substance Using HSG71 Table 2 as the guide, with the GHS symbols superimposed, it becomes clear that GHS symbols are not the best way to segregate substances. For example, the following chemicals: Flammable liquids, Flammable solids, Flammables dangerous when wet, Flammables spontaneously combustible; all share the same GHS symbol. However, they cannot be stored in the same cabinet at the same time. HSG71 should be used in conjunction with the safety data sheet (SDS), which clearly defines how compatible one substance is to another. For example, Section 10 of the SDS may advise that flammable liquids should not be stored with strong corrosives. The SDS also defines how to assess co-located storage. Flammable liquids may not be stored in safety storage cabinets together with hazardous materials that may lead to the occurrence of fires (e.g. pyrophoric materials). Due to the risk of corrosion, it is basically recommended not to store mineral acids and alkalis together in one safety storage cabinet, but in a separate acid or alkali cabinet respectively. Non-flammable toxic and highly toxic materials must be kept in a separate, locked chemical storage cabinet. PLEASE NOTE Please observe local legislation and regulations.
16 Hazardous substances basics Table 2: HSG71 – Segregation Table incorporating GHS Symbols Please observe local legislation and regulations. Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary, but consult suppliers about requirements for individual substances. In particular, note that some types of chemicals within the same class, particularly Class 8 corrosives, may react violently, generate a lot of heat if mixed or evolve toxic fumes. Segregate from These combinations should not be kept in the same building compartment or outdoor storage compound. Compartment walls should be imperforate, of at least 30 minutes fire resistance and sufficiently durable to withstand normal wear and tear. Brick or concrete construction is recommended. An alternative is to provide separate outdoor storage compartments with an adequate space between them. Keep apart Separate packages by at least 3 m in the storeroom or storage area outdoors. Materials in non-combustible packaging that are not dangerous substances and that present a low fire standard of separation should be regarded as a minimum between substances known to react together readily, if that reaction would increase the danger of an escalating incident. Segregate from or keep apart The lower standard refers to the outside storage of gas cylinders. Where non-liquefied flammable gases are concerned, the 3 m separation distance may be reduced to 1 m. Isolate This is used for organic peroxides, for which dedicated buildings are recommended. Alternatively, some peroxides may be stored outside in fire-resisting secure cabinets. In either case, adequate separation from other buildings and boundaries is required. CLASS 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 Chemical Segregation By Chemical Group. Explosive Compressed gases Flammable liquids Flammable solids Oxidising substances Toxic Corrosive 1 EXPLOSIVE 2 FLAMMABLE GAS TOXIC GAS FLAMMABLE LIQUID FLAMMABLE SOLID Spontaneously combustible Oxididing substance TOXIC 6 CORROSIVE 1 EXPLOSIVE 1.0 Explosive 2 FLAMMABLE GAS TOXIC GAS FLAMMABLE LIQUID FLAMMABLE SOLID Spontaneously combustible Oxididing substance TOXIC 6 CORROSIVE 2.1 Flammable 2.2 Non Toxic Non flammable 2.3 Toxic 4.1 Readily combustible 4.1 Spontaneously combustible 4.3 Dangerous when wet 5.1 Oxidising substance 5.2 Organic peroxide Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Keep Apart Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form ISOLATE Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate Form Segregate form or Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Segregate form or Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart ISOLATE Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart ISOLATE Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart ISOLATE ISOLATE ISOLATE Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Keep Apart Segregation may not be necessary Segregate Form Keep Apart Segregate form or Keep Apart ISOLATE
17 WHAT ARE, IRRESPECTIVE OF QUANTITY, THE BASIC OBLIGATIONS FOR HAZMAT STORAGE? What are the general requirements for hazardous material packaging and containers? The primary safeguard to prevent the release of flammable liquids is provided by the container. It is therefore critical to ensure that it is of appropriate design for the duty. The materials of construction should be compatible with the chemical and physical properties of the flammable liquid to ensure that no interaction occurs which might cause leakage. All the container openings should be equipped with a secure and well-fitting cap or lid to resist the escape of flammable liquid or vapours, including if the container falls or rolls over. All stored hazardous materials must be identifiable. Labelling must contain sufficient information about the classification of the hazard involved in handling and the appropriate protective measures that need to be observed are evident or can be derived. What needs to be observed when dealing with hazardous liquids? Locations where flammable liquids are stored should have adequate means to prevent the uncontrolled spread of any spillages or leaks beyond the confines of the storage area. Typically, this is achieved by ensuring the base or floor of the storage area is impervious and enclosing this with an impervious sill, low bund wall or drainage channel to contain a volume that is at least 110% of the capacity of the largest container, where these are of metal construction. What needs to be observed when dealing with flammable materials? Preventing leaks and possible accumulation of dangerous quantities of flammable liquid or vapours is the first priority. However, you should anticipate that flammable liquids or vapours could still escape and have adequate and sufficient control measures in place to prevent their ignition. Pressurised gas cylinders containing flammable materials with connected withdrawal devices may only be stored with additional protective measures (e.g. effective ventilation openings in a storeroom or cabinet with an area of more than 100 cm²) in order to avoid the formation of a potentially explosive atmosphere. Is the storage of hazardous materials in stairways or corridors allowed? Hazardous materials may not be stored in areas where they may pose a risk to employees or other persons. These include in particular: ››› Access routes, such as stairways, escape and rescue routes, corridors, passageways and narrow courtyards ››› Break rooms, on-call rooms, sanitary areas, first aid areas or daytime accommodation rooms Please observe local legislation and regulations.
18 Hazardous substances basics WHAT STORAGE OPTIONS EXIST FOR HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES? Improper storage of, for example, flammable hazardous substances poses various risks to people, the environment and property and material assets. In the worst case, this leads to fires and explosions, which not only endanger human lives, but can also lead to downtimes and even bankruptcy for companies (after a fire, approx. 80% of companies go bankrupt). The pollution of soils, groundwater and surface waters, through e.g. contaminated extinguishing water or leakages, are among the possible consequences. The storage of hazardous substances in compliance with the law should therefore be given high priority in every company. Basically, these three storage concepts are to be distinguished: 1. Outdoor storage / storage buildings / hazardous material containers – central outdoor storage 2. Storage rooms in buildings – central indoor storage 3. Safety cabinets type 90 / type G90 – decentralised storage in workrooms Storage of Flammable Materials – External Many facilities require large volumes of flammable materials to be typically held on the premises. At these sites, flammable materials may be stored in large containers – 200 litre drums or 1,000 litre IBC’s (Intermediate Bulk Containers) are most common. One of the most effective control measures when working with bulk flammables is to remove them from the workplace and into a safer, external storage location. Particular note should be taken to adequately separate flammable liquids from: ››› Site boundaries ››› Occupied buildings ››› Process areas The recommended minimum separation distances (HSG51) shown below are widely accepted industry practice. Although these distances may not provide complete fire protection to prevent other parts of the premises from being affected by a fire in the storage area, or prevent fire causing damage beyond the boundary, they should provide time to implement emergency procedures and enable people to evacuate to a place of safety. Where these separation distances cannot be realised, additional protective measures, may be used to justify a reduction in the minimum separation distances. Improper storage Safe storage Central storage Decentralised storage Unauthorised, random storage High risk Legal consequences Hazardous substance storage/hazardous substance container Large storage quantities Long distances Safety storage cabinets Storage directly at the workplace Flexibility Mobile storage space Requirement for storage containers Distance to buildings min. 10 m No fire protection requirements Distance to buildings > 5 m No fire protection requirements for exclusively passive storage of 200–1,000 l Distance to buildings > 3 m No fire protection requirements for exclusively passive storage of up to 200 l Please observe local legislation and regulations.
19 Store rooms – Central indoor storage Essential structural requirements and fire protection Fire resisting storerooms and fire resisting workrooms should provide a minimum of 30 minutes fire resistance in respect of integrity, insulation and where applicable; load bearing capacity. The exception to this is when the storeroom or workroom are within a building that also contains residential accommodation, in which case the partition between the two should provide a minimum of 60 minutes fire resistance to comply with UK legislation. Safety storage cabinets – Decentralised storage in workrooms Type 90 safety storage cabinets according to EN 14470-1 (storage of flammable liquids) and type G90 according to EN 14470-2 (storage of compressed gas cylinders) as an adequate storage solution compared to storerooms or storage buildings. Your cabinets should: ››› Minimise the fire risks associated with storing flammable substances and protect the contents in the event of fire. ››› Ideally you will use a cabinet with a known (tested) minimum length of time (fire rating) ››› Minimise the amount of vapour released into the working environment ››› Ensure the retention of accidental spillages within the cabinet ››› Provide sufficient evacuation time for all personnel ››› Reduce the risk of explosion through greater temperature protection to provide fire fighters with adequate time to deal with an incident and minimise site damage The following page shows an overview of the model groups of asecos safety storage cabinets. The portfolio offers a wide variety of storage solutions for almost every application. Despite the recognisable effort for more clarity and precision, the topic of hazardous substance storage remains challenging. This is because companies must implement every change in the storage of hazardous substances. This means that those responsible must not only check whether the substances and products used, their classifications or quantities have changed, but also, whether the protective measures and technical equipment chosen so far meet the current requirements. INFO It Can Happen To Anyone – many different dangers threaten when handling hazardous materials! The use of hazardous and combustible materials is part of the daily routine in most laboratories and industries and is unavoidable. What is often quickly forgotten in daily handling: the improper storage of such materials puts people, the environment and property in danger. Learn more about the safe storage of hazardous materials in our „HazMat Guide“. You can order it on our website: www.asecos.global/catalogues Please observe local legislation and regulations.
20 LARGE VARIETY OF CABINETS Chemicals are diverse and usually have many different properties. But regardless of whether they are environmentally hazardous, gaseous, toxic or flammable: as the world’s leading manufacturer of safety storage cabinets in accordance with European standard EN 14470-1/-2, asecos has the right cabinet for safe and legally compliant storage. Our individual solutions are used in agriculture, research, industry and laboratories, among others. ACIDS AND ALKALIS CABINET ensure safe storage of aggressive, non-flammable hazardous materials in accordance with regulations. Highly resistant melamine-coated special boards make the model line high-quality and durable. FREE STANDING CABINETS of the Q- and S-LINE are proven all-rounders for the storage of flammable hazardous materials. With door locking system, automatic door closing (TSA) and one-hand operation (AGT), they offer the best possible user comfort. SAFETY STORAGE CABINETS WITH VERTICAL DRAWERS are space miracles in the laboratory. With a large cabinet depth, they make use of the previously empty area - analogous to the fume cupboard. The vertical drawer technology offers an optimal overview and access to all stored hazardous materials from both sides. SAFETY STORAGE UNDER BENCH CABINETS fit perfectly under fume cupboards or worktables and enable efficient and ergonomic work processes. They are also optimally suited for disposal systems GAS CYLINDER CABINETS offer the user the option of choosing between centralised and decentralised gas supply in terms of implementation and costs BATTERY CABINETS safely store lithium-ion batteries and protect surrounding building areas from flame encroachment in the event of a thermal runaway. Optionally available with integrated charging function for the batteries.
21 RECIRCULATING AIR FILTER STORAGE CABINETS are available for almost all hazardous materials - flammable, toxic or acids and alkalis. Common to all models is the extraction and filtering of hazardous vapours. COMBI SAFETY STORAGE CABINETS are separated by a horizontal or vertical dividing wall, depending on the width of the cabinet. This creates two hermetically separated storage compartments for the safe storage of acids and alkalis as well as flammable materials in just one cabinet. A chemical reaction between the different hazardous materials is prevented. CABINETS FOR CHEMICALS for the safe storage of toxic, non-flammable hazardous materials in workrooms. The cabinet models are available in three widths and two heights - for a wide range of applications ENVIRONMENTAL CABINETS are suitable for the safe storage of water-polluting liquids and pesticides in working areas. Equipping them with liquid-tight bottom collecting sumps prevents the leakage of water-polluting liquids SAFETY STORAGE BOX is suitable for easy wall mounting above workbenches and workstations. The safety box provides safe storage of flammable liquids, spray cans, etc. DRUM STORAGE CABINETS are the giants among the safety storage cabinets. They can store large containers and 200 litre drums
22 Content part 1 | Safety storage cabinets Well-founded expertise and helpful tips on the subject of hazardous materials storage, handling and extraction directly from the experts! The catalogue pages are marked with this symbol. Safety storage cabinets according to EN 14470-1 for flammable hazardous materials V-LINE Q-LINE FX-LINE S-LINE K-LINE XL-LINE UB-LINE Safety storage cabinets according to EN 14470-1 and EN 1363-1 for lithium-ion batteries ION-LINE Safety storage cabinets according to EN 14470-2 for gases under pressure (G-ULTIMATE-90, G-CLASSIC-30) G-LINE Safety storage cabinets for non-flammable hazardous materials SL-LINE C-LINE E-LINE
Safety storage cabinets with electronic vertical drawers for maximum ease of use and access to all stored containers from both sides Expertise Flammable Hazardous Substances page 26–33 V-MOVE-90 page 34–41 Safety storage cabinets with sturdy construction and a transport base for flexible internal transport Q-CLASSIC-90 page 44–55 Q-CLASSIC-90 Triple Certified page 56–57 Q-PEGASUS-90 page 58–67 Q-PHOENIX-90 page 68–71 Q-CLASSIC-30, Q-DISPLAY-30 page 72–81 Q-CLASSIC-30 Triple Certified page 82–83 Recirculating air filter cabinets for safe filtering and storage of a wide variety of hazardous materials with a flexible installation option. FX-CLASSIC-90 page 96–97 FX-PEGASUS-90 page 98–103 FX-DISPLAY-30 page 104–105 Safety storage cabinets as proven classics with a large variety of models S-CLASSIC-90 page 112–127 S-PEGASUS-90 page 124–127 S-CLASSIC-30 page 128–129 S-PHOENIX-90 page 132–145 S-PHOENIX Vol.2-90 page 146–153 Combi safety storage cabinets for the combined storage of flammable and non-flammable, aggressive chemicals in separate storage compartments. K-PHOENIX-90 page 162–169 K-PHOENIX Vol. 2-90 page 162–169 K-UB-90 page 170–173 Safety storage cabinets for storing large containers and drums up to 200 L XL-CLASSIC-90 page 176–179 Under bench safety storage cabinets for spacesaving integration under fume hoods, hazardous materials work stations or work surfaces UB-S-90 page 184–197 UB-ST-90 page 198–203 UB-T-90 page 204–215 UB-T-90E page 216–223 UB-S-90K page 224–225 Storing and charging lithium-ion batteries safely Expertise Lithium-ion batteries page 230–237 Overview ION-LINE page 238–239 Safe storage, provision and dispensing from compressed gas cylinders Expertise Gases & Compressed gases page 240–251 G-ULTIMATE-90 page 254–263 G-CLASSIC-30 page 254–263 G-OD page 268–272 G-PG page 273 Cabinets for acids and alkalis with corrosion-resistant, sturdy construction and separate storage compartments for acids and alkalis Expertise for acids and alkalis page 276–279 SL-CLASSIC page 282–285 SL-CLASSIC-UB page 286–290 SLX-CLASSIC page 292–295 Cabinets for chemicals for ideal storage of nonflammable chemicals and toxic substances Expertise Acute toxic substances page 298–299 CS-CLASSIC page 302–307 CS-CLASSIC-MultiRisk page 310–313 CX-CLASSIC page 314–317 CX-CLASSIC-MultiRisk page 318 Environmental cabinets and cabinets for plant protection products for the safe storage of water pollutants and pesticides. E-CLASSIC page 320–322 E-CLASSIC-UF page 323 E-PSM-UF page 324 23 C ON T E N T
Extraction and filtration of hazardous vapours Solutions for non-smoker protection and air purification Storage and handling of hazardous materials indoors and outdoors Service and maintenance 24
Expertise: extraction of hazardous substances page 326–329 Recirculating air filter systems page 330–331 Extraction air module page 332 Extraction air units page 333 Extraction air monitoring page 334 Fans page 335 Hazardous materials work stations page 336–369 Radial fan page 361 Pharmaceutical exhaust page 370–371 Extraction systems page 366–369 Suction hoods page 372–373 Source extractions page 374–377 Expertise: Technical air cleaning page 378–379 Overview air purifier page 380–381 Overview smoking cabins page 382–383 Hazardous materials store from page 384 Expertise: water-polluting substances page 404 Steel sump pallet systems page 407–419 Plastic sump pallet systems page 420–433 Filling stations and shelving systems page 434–445 Hazmat depots (steel/PE) page 446–453 Safety containers page 456–465 Gas cylinder storage and handling page 468–469 Drum protection and handling page 470–473 Pumps page 474–475 Collecting systems page 476–479 Drum transport page 480–485 Collision protection systems page 486 Operating equipment page 487 Leakage management page 488–493 asecos Service from page 494 General information page 504 25
Today, flammable hazardous substances are used in most laboratories and companies. The safe and legally compliant storage of these hazardous substances often presents users with major challenges. Because of their nature, flammable liquids and solids easily contribute to the spread of fire and, if stored incorrectly, pose a high risk to both people and the environment. Under certain conditions, vapours from flammable hazardous substances can form an explosive atmosphere and, in combination with an ignition source, cause explosions. Vapours therefore pose a particular risk. In hazmat containers that appear to be empty, for example, an explosive mixture can be created by the remaining contents. Legal basis / information ››› Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) ››› Health and Safety Executive (HSE) ››› Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) ››› Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) ››› Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002 (CHIP) Definition Substances whose vapours can form an explosive atmosphere and which are easily ignitable in the presence of an ignition source. The following diagrams show the classification of flammable liquids according to the CLP Regulation / GefStoffV. Hazard class Hazard class / pictogram Hazard Category Signal Word H Code Flammable liquids Category 1 Hazard H 224 Category 2 Hazard H 225 Category 3 Caution H 226 Flash point Flash point 60° 35° 23° 0° 0° 21° 55° GefStoffV old °C °C 93° 60° 23° °C °C ./. (old VbF A III) 55 °C < Fp 100 °C flammable R10 highly flammable R11 Boiling point > 35 °C extremely flammable R12 Boiling point 35 °C CLP (EU-GHS) GEFSTOFFV Category 4: flammable Not provided for in EU-GHS! Flash point > 35 °C Check sustained combustibility Category 3: flammable (H226) Category 2: highly flammable (H225) Boiling point > 35 °C Category 1: extremely flammable (H224) Boiling point 35 °C CAUTION HAZARD extremely flammable highly flammable NO SYMBOL GGVSEB Category 4: flammable Packaging group VG III VG II Boiling point > 35 °C VG II Boiling point 35 °C (Gas oils, diesel and light heating oils Flash point = 55–75 °C can apply for transport as category 3) Classification, labelling and characteristics of flammable liquids RISKS AND HAZARDS Please observe local legislation and regulations. 26 Flammables
Flash point Classification and labelling of flammable liquids depends on the flash point of the liquid. Definition Flash point The temperature at which enough vapour escapes from a liquid that an ignitable mixture is created with the ambient air (EN 1127-1). Explosion limits Explosion limits are the minimum or maximum concentration levels of vapour of a flammable or combustible material (expressed as percent by volume in air) at which an explosion will occur in a confined area if an ignition source is present. No explosion can occur in the presence of very low or very high concentrations. Definition ignition temperature Ignition temperature (of a flammable gas or liquid) is the lowest temperature of a hot surface, determined under prescribed test conditions, at which ignition of a flammable substance occurs as a gas-air or vapour-air mixture. The fire triangle The basis for the handling of hazardous materials is knowledge of the fire triangle. This clearly illustrates that a fire or an explosion is only possible if three conditions are fulfilled: Combustible substance Ignition source Oxygen Examples of flash points of flammable liquids Material Flash point °C Ether (diethyl ether) -40 °C Petroleum ether / light petrol < -20 °C Petrol < -20 °C Diesel / Heating oil / Gas oil > 55 °C Petroleum / Turpentine / Kerosene 30–40 °C Ethanol 12 °C Propanol 12 °C Acetone < -20 °C MEK (butanone) -1 °C 0 % 100 % UPPER EXPLOSION LIMIT (UEL) LOWER EXPLOSION LIMIT (LEL) RICH MIXTURE non explosive EXPLOSIVE MIXTURE LEAN MIXTURE non flammable, non explosive SOURCE OF IGNITION: Mechanical spark Electrical spark Chemical reaction Electrostatic discharge Hot surface Open flame COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL: Gas Liquid Solid OXYGEN Proportion OXYGEN SOURCE OF IGNITION COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL EX °C Temperature of the liquid above the flash point Temperature of the liquid below the flash point "Lean mixture" IGNITABLE VAPOUR-AIR MIXTURE FLASH POINT 60° 23° 0° Please observe local legislation and regulations. 27